Saturday, June 17, 2023

3 Technologies NASA is Advancing to Send Humans to Mars

 Science fiction stories frequently draw inspiration from Mars. It is well known and well researched, yet strange and remote enough to inspire extraterrestrial adventures. For many of the same reasons, NASA has set its eyes on the Red Planet.  

Robots inform us about life on the surface, such as the Perseverance rover that will shortly land on Mars. Future human missions to the Red Planet can benefit from this information. In order for astronauts to travel there, investigate the surface, and return to Earth safely, we'll also need to outfit spacecraft with the necessary technology. It will take around two years to complete the journey roundtrip, including time spent travelling to and from Earth as well as on the surface of Mars.

1. Powerful propulsion systems to get us there quicker

About 140 million kilometres into outer space, astronauts on their way to Mars will travel. To get to our objective as soon as feasible and in the most secure manner possible, propulsion technology advancements are essential.

Which propulsion technology will send men to Mars is still to be determined, but we do know that in order to speed up the journey, it must be nuclear-capable. The development of nuclear electric and nuclear thermal propulsion is one of many solutions being pursued by NASA. Despite using nuclear fission, they differ greatly from one another. Although a nuclear electric rocket is more effective, it produces less thrust. On the other side, nuclear thermal propulsion offers far greater "oomph."

2. Inflatable heat shield to land astronauts on other planets

Sending people to Mars will require a significantly larger spacecraft than the largest rover we have ever landed on the planet, which is roughly the size of a car. Heavy spacecraft will be able to enter the Martian atmosphere, approach the surface, and land close to the areas that astronauts desire to explore thanks to new technologies.

NASA is developing an inflatable heat shield so that its enormous surface area may fit inside a rocket with less room than a rigid one. Any planet with an atmosphere might be reached by spacecraft thanks to the technology. To safely land freight and astronauts on Mars, it would expand and inflate before entering the planet's atmosphere.

3. High-tech Martian spacesuits

Spacesuits are essentially astronauts' personal spacecraft. The most recent spacesuit from NASA is so sophisticated that it can be modified and used anywhere in space thanks to its modular design.

The exploration extravehicular mobility unit, or xEMU, is the name of NASA's next-generation spacesuits that will be worn by the first man and woman to land on the Moon. The Artemis Generation moonwalkers can perform jobs that weren't conceivable during the Apollo missions and move more naturally and earthlike thanks to the spacesuits, which put crew safety first.

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